Using Akshell

This document explains the ideas behind Akshell, their implementation, and the way you can employ them in your apps.


Akshell has two major parts: the infrastructure executing apps and the online IDE for developing them.

The infrastructure frees you from deployment problems and routine administrative tasks. Your code is automatically deployed when you commit it to the master branch. Running app doesn’t require any kind of maintenance: Akshell recovers it from failures, supplies with necessary resources, and keeps up its database.

The IDE provides a desktop-like experience in a browser window. You don’t have to install anything on your computer; now you can start coding after a single click, from anywhere. The tight integration between the IDE and the Akshell guts ensures the best web-development experience.


JavaScript is the language of Akshell. Modern web apps usually have a rich AJAX interface created using one of the popular client-side JavaScript libraries; in Akshell you employ it for the server side too. This makes your app more integral and robust; you can even share some code between the client and server sides, e.g., the code of form validation.


App is the basic development and execution unit of Akshell. First, you create an app using the IDE and develop it committing your changes into the app’s Git repository. Then, you bind the app to domains, e.g., or (in the latter case you should also buy a domain from a domain registrar and point DNS servers to via a CNAME record). When Akshell receives a request to to one this domains, it loads the main module from the master branch of your app’s repository and launches the main() function exported by it with a Request object as an argument.

Apps can be published to share their code with others, i.e., serve as libraries. They are identified by an owner name, an app name, and a version which is just a Git reference. akshell is the official Akshell developer, akshell/ak:0.3 is the identifier of the 0.3 version of his ak library.


To separate serving users from development, debugging, and testing Akshell provides isolated execution environments. They are completely independent and cannot affect each other. The release environment is intended for serving users; it executes code from the master branch of the app’s repository. Other environments are intended for development; they execute code from the work tree. A common setup is to use the debug environment for manual testing and the test environment for unit testing.


The Akshell engine is based on Google V8. It compiles JavaScript code into native code; so execution is utterly fast. The engine exposes the basic API to apps.

The engine will be open sourced soon to eliminate the vendor lock-in: you’ll be able to launch Akshell apps on your own server.

ak Library

The basic API is rather low-level, just like system calls in an operation system; a web framework is needed for comfortable development. The ak library provides general JavaScript goodies and a Model-View-Controller framework. Because the library will be used quite often in your code, it’s recommended to put its exports on the global object. This is already done in the app skeleton: